Although fire “eternal” seems to be a rare natural phenomenon, they are actually quite common both on the surface and below ground and both the trigger man or nature. Usually the fire in materials fueled by coal, gas, or oil seeping underground to the surface, some of the “eternal flame” has been burning continuously for centuries and still burn today..
1.The Burned Mount
Underground coal fire which creates what is called “Burning Mountain” (Mount Wingen) near Wingen, New South Wales, Australia, probably started by lightning or spontaneous combustion. At least, that’s assuming that there is, no one knows for sure because the fire has been lit for at least 6,000 years. Scientists believe that this is probably the oldest fire continues to burn coal.
Fire moves at a rate of about 1 meter per year to the south. Which may seem slow, but given its age, simple math tells us that coal fire had moved at least 6 kilometers (3.7 miles) since he began to glow. At this rate, the fire would reach the outskirts of Sydney Australia, a distance of about 280 kilometers, about 255,000 years or more.
2. The Smoky Mount
In 1850, Captain Robert McClure sailed with his ship “Investigator” in the Arctic to look for the Franklin Expedition, who disappeared while trying to find the Northwest Passage. He never found the crew Franklin (and no one else ever find them), but it turns out he rediscovered something else: a large fire on the rocky coast and Cape Bathurst peak. McClure was initially assumed that the fire was made by the local Inuit people to get their attention, so he sent some of his men to land and see what was going on and to find information about the fate of the crew of Franklin. Finally his men returned to the boat by not carrying any information, but they carry a piece of stone from the many stones they found on the ground which makes them curious. When they put the stone in mahogany table Captain, the stone burn and make a hollow wooden table. Yes, they have rediscovered the Smoky Hill (smoking hill).
Franklin himself had found it earlier and named Smoking Hills on his way in 1826 to try to find the Northwest Passage. He noted a strange fumes coming from a fire in the hills, smoke was seen from the sea, and a fire that occurred in an area of no vegetation. Inuit call it “soil acidic water” because of the underground oil shale burning makes water highly acidic and poisoned with heavy metals.
3. Cave Water and Fire
Taiwan has some fantastic mud volcanoes and hot natural springs. Because of the local geology, mountain mud produce methane gas. Biyun near the temple there are places where the gas is burned named “Cave of Water and Fire”. But actually this is not a cave, but it is rock with springs and small pools of hot water, the methane gas bubbling up to the surface. The bubbles of methane gas flame supplying fuel continuously, which gives the appearance of a fire burning on the rock and water.
Although the fire has now been narrowed, from ever reaching the height of three meters, they are still impressive. Local history claiming the site was discovered by a monk in 1701, which means that this fire has been burning continuously for more than 300 years.
In the tradition of Indonesia, there is a legend that began with Sunan Kalidjaga (one of the “Nine Guardians”) and his followers were exhausted at the end of a long journey. They stopped to rest and spend the night in the village Mrapen, but they were cold. Sunan Kalidjaga stuck his stick into the ground, pull it out, and came the fire that warms them. Fire is considered sacred in Javanese culture and have been used to light the “torch” for a sports tournament in Indonesia.
Was first recorded in the 15th century as the “fire (that) never extinguished, even in the rain or wind”, the fire was still burning to this day, fueled by natural gas that leaked from underground.
5. Brennender Berg
Burning coal seam in Brennender Berg in Saarland, Germany, lit in 1688 and has been kept burning since then. No one is sure how the fire started (probably spontaneous combustion), but legend says shepherd lit a fire near a tree stump, which propagates through the roots and then into the coal seam. What is known for sure is that the famous poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe visited brennender Berg in 1770 and wrote about his travels are met with a mountain lit: “dense vapor emerging from the cracks and we could feel the heat even through the land of thick soles of our shoes” , Even a plaque memorializing his visit on the site.
Although the intensity of the coal fire has diminished since the 1800s, visitors can still see the smoke rising from the rocks and even feel hot steam coming from the cracks and openings. It is said that before the fire intensity is reduced, school children are often invited to visit this area to see the mountain on fire and cook eggs in these holes.
6. Maa Ambika
There are many legends about how the natural fire appear and be there, but none so brutal as Hindu legend of the eternal flame at the shrine Jwalamukhi. The legend says that Prajapati Daksha embarrass his daughter Sati at a party, make the princess was furious and he burned himself to escape the shame. In retaliation, beloved daughter who is Lord Shiva beheaded Daksha and wander in the universe by bringing the charred body of her deceased lover. Finally, Lord Vishnu cut up the charred body of Sati and threw the pieces into the Earth. His tongue landed in Jwalamukhi temple and realized the fire was.
Therefore, Jwalamukhi temple dedicated to the Goddess of Light. The temple, located about 50 kilometers from Dharamshala, one can see the eternal blue flame burns natural gas that comes from the shrine stone temple. There is no idol in the temple, because what is worshiped as a god was the fire itself. Thousands of people make a pilgrimage to the shrine every year, bringing gifts of candy, fruit, and milk.
7. Coal Mine Jahria
Jharia, India is home to one of the largest coal mine fire in the world. At least 70 different coal mine fire that until now continued to burn and release thousands of tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere every year. India is the fourth leading generator of greenhouse gas emissions in the world, and mine coal burning is a major source of this pollution. More read here: Jharia – Amid Coal Burning City
8. Darvaza, Door to Hell
Long before the tragedy LAPINDO in Sidoarjo, it turns out that a similar incident happened in Derweze Turkmenistan (formerly the Soviet Union) in 1971.
Darvaza or Derweze is Karokum desert area filled with natural gas. Experts Geological drilling in the area and accidentally discovered an underground cave, and a drilling location collapsed, making the cave open and emit methane gas that is highly toxic. Experts think rather than letting the methane gases out, it would be safer if they burn until the gas is burned. But the plan is not as smooth as expected …. After they burned her …. The fire continued to burn until today, decades later …
9. Stone fiery Chimaera (Yanartas), Turkey
Approximately 80 km southwest of Antalya, near the town Çıralı in southwest Turkey, lies a rocky mountain that is completely burned for thousands of years. About a dozen fire burning on the mountain side fueled by methane gas that comes out through the steam holes of the earth. These fires are called Yanartas in Turkey, and has been burning for at least 2500 years. The steam vent holes is the largest emissions of methane abiogenic ever found on the ground so far.
For hundreds of years, the sailors could see the fires from the sea and use them as landmarks to navigate, but today they are more often used by hikers for brewing tea. These fires, according to some ancient literature, gave birth to the myth of the Chimera, a fire-breathing mythical beast with the body, the head of a lion and a goat’s head in his back, and the head of the snake that is the tip of its tail that ends with the head of the snake.
The group fires on an area of 5,000 square meters and is driven by the emission of gas, mostly made up of methane and hydrogen. These fires are even greater during the winter, because of the general characteristics of the gas seepage, where the gas flux is usually influenced by the pressure caused by ground water infiltration and changes in atmospheric pressure. These fires has not been dead, burned continuously, unlike the Eternal Flame Niagara Falls who sometimes need to be turned on.
10. Eternal Fire in Baba Gurgur, Iraq
Baba Gurgur (“Mr. Fire”) is a large oil field near the city of Kirkuk which is the first oil fields were discovered in northern Iraq in 1927. Considered the largest oilfield in the world until the discovery of oil field Ghawar in Saudi Arabia in 1948, Baba Gurgur famous for its eternal fire is located in the middle of the oil fields are estimated to have burned for over 4000 years.
Baba oil fields Gurgur Herodotus described so far (about 484-425 BC), the ancient Greek writers, and some people believe that this is a furnace that is told in the Book of Daniel, from the Old Testament, where King Nebuchadnezzar (630-562 BC), King Babel, threw three Jews for refusing to worship the golden idol. This fire has significant symbolic value for the people of Kirkuk. Heat from the eternal flame was once used by shepherds to warm their livestock during the winter, and the women who visited Baba Gurgur, to beg in order to have a baby boy. This ancient practice may come when the worship of fire.
This fire is the result of natural gas and naphtha seeps through the cracks of rocks in the area of Baba Gurgur.
Explanation of this area can be found in “The American Journal of Science” 1939 edition.
Close to the well is stagnant muddy pond, covered with a thick scum highly colored by sulfur. A few hundred meters to the east of the crest of the hill there are four flat circle diameter of 50 meters, with 100 small holes or more, which issued a fire without smoke clear, very smelly sulfur. In fact, the whole surface is perforated sulfur crust on top of a fire in it. If this hollowed ground, direct fire was issued, sometimes soaring.
Baba Gurgur be the first modern oil well in Iraq when the Turkish Petroleum Company discovered oil on the night of October 15, 1927. This discovery soon turned into a major environmental crisis as thousands of barrels of oil gushed out flooded depression known as Wadi Naft that drain water in the foothills low. Crude oil flowing into the open desert threaten the local population, by contaminating their water supply.
It took ten days of the eruption of the first to close the control valve and closing the oil supply. By the time the well was closed, more than 95,000 barrels of oil per day have been spewed into the wilderness. When the rainy season will arrive, another disaster threatens: if the rains come and wadi floods, oil will be brought down to the river and contaminate water supplies across the country. So the pumps are installed to pump the oil back into the well, but these pumps have little influence. Desperate to remove the oil, eventually a large amount of oil burned. And Alhamdulillah, when the rain came that region has been free of oil spilled.