Drugs In Pregnancy ( Nicotine / Alcohol ) – Besides alcohol, cigarettes belong to the drugs, which are exposed to the fetus during pregnancy most commonly.
During pregnancy, women should completely avoid alcohol, nicotine and other drugs and stimulants. For in those nine months the women are not only responsible for themselves but also for the coming child. The consumption of alcohol, cigarettes, or illegal drugs influences the development of their unborn child.
Alcohol – No pleasure during pregnancy
During pregnancy, most women reduce their alcohol intake or set it all. Despite the health risks for the child not all pregnant women renounce the intake of theses beverages. Although there is no scientifically proven threshold below which alcohol does not cause damage. Nevertheless, it is advisable to drink nothing that contains alcohol during pregnancy.
When a pregnant woman drinks alcohol, it passes through the umbilical cord into the bloodstream of the child. Within minutes, both the expectant mother and the unborn child have the same alcohol level. The organism of the mother can reduce the alcohol faster. Therefore, the blood alcohol level of the unborn is even some time later in the blood than that of the pregnant women.
In Europe, for example, about 2,000 to 10,000 children a year suffer the health consequences caused by the alcohol consumption of their mothers during pregnancy. This cannot be identified at birth and in some cases are even more noticeable during childhood. The most severe form of injury is fetal alcohol syndrome. Children, who are affected by it, are striking in their behavior and have physical developmental disorders. These include:
- Low birth weight
- Damage to the organs, such as heart defects (ventricular septal defect (VSD), Persistent foramen ovale (PFO), TGA, tetralogy of Fallot)
- Physical abnormalities, such as deformations of the face
- Behavioral problems, such as restlessness, irritability, or light a small sucking reflex
- Deficits in mental development as concentration difficulties, learning disabilities and reduced intelligence
- There is little chance of a cure for children with fetal alcohol syndrome. Many rely on throughout their lives to helping and care.
- Pregnant women should, therefore, apply: Even on special occasions such as birthdays or New Year’s Eve celebration abutment with alcoholic beverages is taboo.
By smoking cigarettes and therefore nicotine not only the pregnant woman is in the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, cancer or other diseases. Even the unborn child is harmed by smoking. The substances nicotine and carbon monoxide in the tobacco pass through the placenta into the circulation of the child. There they constrict blood vessels and reduce the oxygen content in his blood. The mother who smokes regularly increases the risk that the unborn child is not adequately supplied with oxygen and nutrients and remains in its growth. In addition, smoking mothers expose their children to various risks. Possible complications include:
Low birth weight: Children of smokers weigh on average about 200 to 300 grams less than children of Nonsmoking mothers.
- The lungs of the child are not fully developed at birth.
- The probability that there is a miscarriage and stillbirth is increased.
- The risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is increasing.
- The possibility of a premature birth is increasing.
- Diseases such as allergies and asthma occur more frequently in later years.
Each year, exposed by her mother the harmful substances in tobacco smoke about 170,000 unborn. Although many smokers during their pregnancy quit smoking, after birth 18 to 25 percent of them start smoking again. However, stopping smoking is worthwhile for mother and child. The conditions for the baby can be significantly improved when women stops desire to smoke before birth already. Also, stopping smoking within the first three months of pregnancy may reduce the risk of complications. In addition, also the health of the expectant mother improves.
Illegal drugs – complications for the baby
Illegal drugs of any kind such as marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, stimulants or narcotics are taboo during pregnancy. They can cause a number of complications in the unborn child and threaten its future development. Pregnant have expected depending on the type of drug used, among other things with these consequences:
- The fetus is impaired in its growth or dies.
- The baby may be underweight or premature birth to the world.
- The baby can come with birth defects born or have neurological disorders.
- The child may suffer from the onset of illness or developmental disabilities.
- The risk of sudden infant death syndrome is increasing.
- The unborn child is the addiction of the mother also addictive and has to go through a withdrawal after birth.
- Alcohol, nicotine and drug of any kind should be avoided in favor of the child and the mother during pregnancy, at no withdrawal to offer the best possible start in life to the child.