As the planet Earth has experienced repeated attacks by violent storms brought disorder to everything that exists, more precisely our neighboring planet in terror by the storm terrible storm, which rotates at speeds of up to thousands and thousands of kilometers, not just its speed was awful, even the size of the storm away more terrible and impressed irrational as hurricanes on Earth, the scale size varied, there is the size of the continent and as for the size of 3x of the size of our own earth
If yesterday I discussed oceans terrible in our neighboring planet, this time I want to discuss the storm terrible storm, a geological phenomenon on the planet.
1. SATURN’S ROSE-TINTED STORMS
The storm not only hit the Earth, but also in Saturn. Even more powerful and hexagonal shape. The first clue revealed the existence of the cyclone there when Voyager satellite was sent into space in 1981. Since then, the pattern raging in the second largest planet in the Solar System mystery to scientists. United States Space Agency (NASA) even said no other storm like that in our galaxy.
The images were taken over a period of 10 hours in 2012. NASA has just finished processing approximately 16 different frames into a collage that shows the planet bubbling whirlpool. With wind speeds reaching 320 kilometers per hour, the storm occurred in the region of the planet as wide as 32 thousand kilometers. Much wider than twice the diameter of Earth (12 742 km)
In addition to the hexagonal shape, an interesting feature of the intergalactic storm sized red roses shaped like the continent of Australia. The eye of the storm is still a mystery to scientists. United States Space Agency (NASA) called it a ‘Saturn’s Rose-Tinted Storm length is approximately 2,000 km, or 20 times the average hurricane on Earth. Meanwhile, the speed is believed to be four times that of the earth storm. The bright wispy clouds at the edge of the storm rotates at a speed of 150 meters per second. Hurricane confined by weather patterns hexagon shaped mysterious. A hurricane on Earth usually lasts a week, but there lasted for decades – and who knows maybe centuries. NASA hopes to catch a closer picture of the storm in 2017.
2. VENUS SOUTH POLAR VORTEX
Venus is the second closest planet from the sun in our solar system. The distance from the sun about 108 million kilometers. The planet’s surface was covered with thick clouds of carbon dioxide that are hard to see. Venus may look beautiful on Earth, but in fact the planet is indeed malignant conditions for human settlements. Venus is known as the most terrible planet in the solar system. The air can make human poisoning. Air pressure there can be up to 100 times greater than Earth’s. And another thing, the temperature there reaches 475 degrees Celsius coupled with little biological origin sulfate.
Venus is known for its atmosphere that rotates fast. One full round reportedly can occur every four hours. When Venus Express arrived at the planet in 2006, they found a thunderstorm average speed on the top cloud reached about 300 kilometers per hour.
Recent observations reveal that the speed of the wind storm this average can reach up to 400 kilometers per hour. “This is a major increase in wind speed are already known in the atmosphere,” explained Igor Khatuntsev of the Space Research Institute in Moscow. The atmosphere of Venus is very heavy, density 30 times the density of Earth’s atmosphere. Then a gentle breeze is enough cause dust storms. Approximately 60 kilometers above the surface there is a perpetual cloud of the upper part consists of crystal ice and water droplets on the lower part. When there is a gap in the clouds, the sky looks to be colored pale yellowish green. The sun is rarely seen in Venus red colored bricks. Violent storms stir the clouds, but the rain that occurs will evaporate in the dry and hot atmosphere before getting close to the ground.
3. GIANT STORMS ON NEPTUNE
Neptune is the farthest planet (eighth) when viewed from the sun. Neptune has an average distance to the Sun of 4450 million km. Neptune has reached 49 530 km in diameter and has a mass of 17.2 Earth masses. This planet’s rotation period is 16.1 hours, while the period of revolution is 164.8 years. The shape of the planet with a surface similar to the Moon there is a thin layer of silicate. In composition of this planet is iron and other heavy elements. Neptune has eight satellites, of which Triton, Proteus, Nereid and Larissa.
The planet Neptune there are strong winds along the surface of the planet with terrifying speed. The wind flow blowing clouds of frozen northern hemisphere planet toward the Great Dark Spot, a point where there is a storm on the spot about the size of Earth.
Wind picture above clearly beyond what is acceptable by humans. As soon as someone landed in Neptune, he would immediately torn apart and disappear by the wind on the planet ini.Kejadian This is because in Neptune, frequent homage to strong winds that form a hurricane-speed 2400 km per hour. This speed is twice the speed required to break the speed of sound.
Is still a mystery where the source of the wind in this plnaet, but Neptune is the last planet in the solar system after Pluto’s status as a planet removed 9th. As a shadow, the maximum speed of an F1 car is around 300 km / h, the wind speed at the Neptune is 8 times the speed of the speed and imagine again bumping you.
4. THE DUST DEVIL STORMS ON MARS
Mars as a planet is touted as a planet with a high chance to live was not as beautiful as imagined. Although there was oxygen on the planet, there are other issues that must be faced by the dust storm.
Dust storm on Mars is most terrible in our solar system. The dust storms form a cyclone setingi Mount Everest with a speed of 300 km per hour This makes the typhoon could envelop the entire planet in a matter of hours and lasted for Several days. Moreover Be careful with the Hellas Basin, the deepest hole in the solar system on Mars, apart from this very deep hole, this hole IS ALSO filled with dust and be a source of dust storms on Mars.
Scientist Explains the phenomenon of large dust storms on Mars. The red planet known to have a very dry soil landscape and mostly covered with dust. Scientists say, Mars has a global storm of dust that can spread to cover the entire surface of the planet. Mars Orbiting Satellites persistent saw dust layer Reaches the highest heights. Reported by Wired, Monday (28/01/2013), this dust can reach a height of 30 to 50 kilometers above the ground. Scientists today are still studying how dust could Arise on Mars.
Scientists have modeled “dust storm rocket”, which is able to bring lightning storms on Mars. The hurricane has a speed 100 times faster than ordinary storm, dust and able to fly up to the planet’s atmosphere. Using a high-resolution instrument, researchers showed that the clumps of dust in the storm can be heated by the sun. Thus, temperatures on Mars can be warmed up quickly. Because hot air rises, then the particular area can be fired “rockets dust” into space. “Transportation vertical so strong,” said planetary scientist, Aymeric Spiga from Institut Pierre Simon Laplace in Paris, France. The dust can reportedly accelerate from near the surface to the atmosphere at an altitude of 30 or 40 kilometers. The dust rate of speed also reached 10 meters per second (22 mph).
5. THE GREAT RED SPOT STORMS ON JUPITER
The southern hemisphere of Jupiter there are big storms in the amount 2-3 times the Earth, the storm was named the Great Red Spot (GRS). Great Red Spot has existed since 300 years ago and this monster storm has not stopped until now. The storm was discovered by Galileo Galilei in the 17th century there was a storm nearby GRS smaller (but the size of Earth) accompany GRS, the storm called Red Jr.
Great Red Spot is the most noticeable feature on the surface of Jupiter, a storm that has a length of about 12,400 miles (20,000 kilometers) in length and a width of 7,500 miles (12,000 km) or if in the storm compare the size of about two to three times larger than Earth. The wind on the edge of oval can reach up to 425 mph (680 km / h). This giant storm was first recorded in 1831, but probably first discovered in 1665.
“According to current theory, the Great Red Spot should disappear after a few decades,” said researcher Pedram Hassanzadeh, a geophysical fluid dynamicist at Harvard University, said in a statement. “But instead, these spots had been there for hundreds of years.”
Vortex as the Great Red Spot can disappear because many faktor.Sebagai example, waves and turbulence in and around the storm is wind energy. He also loses energy by emitting heat. In addition, the Great Red Spot is located between two strong jet stream in Jupiter’s atmosphere flowing in the opposite direction and can slow the rotation.
6. STORM ON URANUS
Rotary shaft unique planet Uranus makes it able to produce giant storms very powerful and deadly. In fact, astronomers on Earth could see the storms that passed the telescope alone.Astronomer central observation Hawaii a few days ago were able to see some turbulence on the surface of Uranus. Because of the magnitude of the storm to look very bright from Earth. One of the most visible amid ‘disruptive’ near the poles of the planet on August 6 last.
No doubt about the magnitude of those storms. Given Uranus 14 times greater than on Earth, the giant storm is expected to engulf the continents on Earth with extreme temperatures, reaching minus 220 degrees Celsius. Not only that, with a lunge speeds over 900 kilometers per hour, the storm is able to revoke the buildings on Earth with great ease. Then what is the cause of the giant storm?One cause is believed by astronomers is the planet Uranus rotary shaft different from the other planets in the solar system, including Earth. If the Earth has an axial tilt swivel 23 degrees only, then Uranus has a slope of up to 98 degrees. No doubt, Uranus moves around the sun rolling.
In addition, Uranus experienced a rotation or counterclockwise rotation to clockwise. The combination of the revolutionary movement and rotation odd that generate air movement at the surface of Uranus is super strong. This is compounded by freezing temperatures experienced by the planet due to the great distance from the sun. Due to the sloping position, automatic sun only able to illuminate the poles of Uranus from a distance of 2875 million kilometers during 84 years per poles.
7. THE SOLAR STORM
March 2011 became one of the dates that will be remembered for astronomers and physicists Sun worldwide. For on that day the Sun throws a billion tons of plasma mass at a speed of 2,200 km / sec which brings at least the energy equivalent of 29 billion Hiroshima nuclear bomb. Lucky the storm the sun is not directly lead to the Earth, although still able to ‘turn on’ the sky in the northern and southern polar circle the polar light (aurorae).
The day was a marker that the solar activity back began to soar after nearly three years of relative quiet without gusts of solar storms on its surface. Earlier on February 14, the Sun was begolak with X-class solar flares 2.2. Followed on 8 March when solar flares appear again despite weaker, namely X 1.5. Sun significant activity last occurred in December 2006.
Solar storms are one of the faces of our sun. As celestial bodies at the center of the solar system, the Sun has a mass of 332 776 times larger than the Earth and is one star among billions of other stars in the Milky Way. The sun is categorized as G-class stars 5 billion years old with a surface temperature of 5,770 Kelvin. Physically sun is hot plasma blobs were composed of hydrogen (75%), Helium (24%) and other elements (1%). The sun is composed of six layers, namely: a). core, b). radiative layer, c). convective layer, d). surface (fotosfera), e). the lower atmosphere (kromosfera), and f). the upper atmosphere (corona).
Solar energy is produced in the core, a liquid berfasa region that covers one-third the diameter of the Sun and has a temperature of 14 million Kelvin with a pressure of 100 billion times Earth’s atmospheric pressure. At the core thermonuclear fusion reactions that produce energy is very large, reaching 385 billion PetaJoule / sec. Thus every second solar energy could light a million homes electricity (each with a power load of 2,000 watts) for 6 billion years without stopping! This enormous energy be produced in order to measure the Sun (diameter) remained stable as it is now as a result of the balance between gravitational shrinkage by its own mass with radiative pressure produced by thermonuclear fusion reactions.